Choosing paper stock for your print job can be just as important as the design itself! But how do you know what paper stock to choose?
Some people may think of gloss as the paper equivalent of nails down a chalkboard. First of all, rude. Second, all papers have their pros and cons, and the decision doesn’t just come down to a e s t h e t i c (though this is important too), but also the actual intended purpose of your printed item.
Choosing paper stock for your print project can be daunting. There are more papers to pick from than you can poke a stick at, if that’s something you like to do. So where to start?
Paper stock is often categorised by gsm (or g/m²) which means grams per square metre. The average home printer paper is about 80gsm, and a standard business card is usually between 300-350gsm. Different papers do “bulk up” differently, such as bleachboard stocks that have a coating on one side. However, gsm is still a good guide as to how thick your paper will be.
Another factor is the grain of the paper – particularly for something like business cards, it’s best to have the grain running with the length of the printed item. That way when you bend it against the grain, it will have more resistance, and feel thicker.
It also helps to crease a folded card along the grain of the paper, as it can reduce the chance of the paper cracking.
If you are working with photography or particularly bright colours, they will ‘pop’ the most on a coated stock (also known as art paper). The coating on the paper restricts how much ink is absorbed, which decreases dot gain (the spread of ink). This provides a sharp, vibrant print result.
Gloss is handy if you’re after something with a bit of durability, such as presentation folders, information brochures, and maps. But if you need to write on it, you might struggle.
You also might just hate the look of it. To each their own!
Silk or satin is a great alternative – still with a coating, but not as shiny as gloss. These are perfect for things like direct mail pieces, and most advertising material.
I wish I had a dollar for every time someone asked me for “the paper that Frankie magazine is printed on.” I’d have at least $6. That’s a sandwich.
What you are after is an uncoated paper, around 150gsm. Without the coating, the ink will absorb into the paper, which gives everything a flat, dull look, with low contrast.
Uncoated paper can be smooth, super smooth, very slightly textured (as in wove or vellum), or “toothy”. The smooth uncoated stocks are perfect for stationery, and specialty textured uncoated papers are great for things like greeting cards or invitations.